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Convert Bluray to DVD with AVStoDVD

A few readers have been asking me about creating DVD version out of Blurays. Since I happened to be working on that very problem just recently, I thought I’d whip up a tutorial on how to convert your Bluray rips to DVDs using the free AVStoDVD. It’s a bit long, but it covers a lot of the strengths of AVStoDVD, including menu creation!

Okay, so I’m going to go ahead and assume that you’ve already ripped your Bluray to somewhere on your hard disk. If you haven’t done this already, jump to it!

Step 1)

Start up AVStoDVD.

Before we start adding any video files to the main project, we need to edit our project preferences, which will save us some serious time later and give us a chance to specify our output format for our DVD.

Click on the Preferences button that I have highlighted below.

AVStoDVD Open Preferences Button

Step 2)

Once the AVStoDVD Preferences window has opened, click on the Paths tab, and edit the Default Output Path to your liking.

AVStoDVD Default Output folder

Step 3)

Now, under the Encoding tab, make sure that your AVS Source filter is set to A2DSource. Next, choose your video encode profile. In this case, I decided go for the HCenc 2-pass profile, as I find it gives better quality when aiming for a specific filesize then the other two profiles.

Lastly, set the AC3 Audio Encoder to QuEnc, as this was the only audio encoder that I could get to work with our HD audio input on a consistent basis. You can try experimenting with the other profiles if you are so inclined.

AVStoDVD Encoding Preferences

Step 4)

Now, click on the Audio / Video tab. If you live in a NTSC-based country (ex: United States) then set your DVD Video Standard to NTSC. If you live in a PAL-based country (ex: most of Europe), then set your standard to PAL. You can pretty much leave the other settings at default or copy my own, as shown below.

AVStoDVD Audio / Video Settings

Step 5)

If you click on the Authoring / Burning tab, you can edit your default audio and subtitle languages, in addition to setting a chapters interval if your source doesn’t have a chapters list or if your source has a chapter list that cannot be read by AVStoDVD. Last but not least, check the Save current Preferences as default box. This will force AVStoDVD to remember you setting for future projects, which can really save you some time if you are encoding several Blurays. When you are done, click OK and return to the main window.

AVStoDVD Authoring/Burning Options with "Save as Default"

Step 6)

Now that you have setup your main project preferences, choose your desired output DVD size. In this case, I’m shooting for a single-layer 4.7 GB DVD, but feel free to choose differently.

AVStoDVD Output DVD Size

Step 7)

Now, select your output structure. In this example, I’m aiming for just a folder that contains the DVD structure, which I can then burn later using IMGBurn. However, if I wanted, I could have an empty DVD in my disk drive and tell AVStoDVD to automatically burn it using IMGBurn when it has finished. Definitely a handy feature.

AVStoDVD Output Structure

Step 8)

Now it’s time to add our source! Click the source import button as I have highlighted below.

AVStoDVD Add Source File

Step 9)

Navigate to where you have ripped your Bluray disk on your harddrive. Navigate down into the STREAM folder and select your main movie stream. This is usually the file with the largest size. As you can see my main movie is over 30 GB so it’s pretty obvious which stream I need to select. If your still unsure, open up the stream in your favorite video player (mine’s Media Player Classic Home Cinema) and check to make sure it’s the file you want.

When you are done, click OK.

AVStoDVD Source Selection Window

Step 10)

Now, AVStoDVD will read your input file and present a window like the one below, which details all of the audio tracks it found in the file. Simply place check boxes in the audio streams that you want to include on the file DVD and then press the small X in the upper right hand corner. Again, it never hurts to preview the stream before hand to make sure that you know which audio track you want, but it is usually safe to assume that the top track is the main audio track.

AVStoDVD Select Bluray Audio Track

Step 11)

You should now see the main window with an overall detailing of your source, including the video and any audio track(s) that you have chosen to include.

Optional: If you would like to include subtitles in the final output, make sure that they are already pre-ripped before adding them to the project. To add them to the project, simply click on your video file and select Subtitles->Add Subtitles. Select your subtitle file and it will be imported into the project.

AVStoDVD Add Subtitles

Step 12)

If you cannot see the Advanced Project Settings dialog, press the Settings button at the top of the window.

Now that you have added all of your desired files to the project, it’s time to give it a name. Under the DVD Label section, enter the name of your project (“The Dark Knight” in this case for obvious reasons).

While your at it, check off any of the other options that you find useful. As you can see, I have enabled MultiThreaded Encoding since I have a multicore processor and it adds a nice speed boost. Also, I’m going to go ahead and have AVStoDVD delete any intermediate files for me, so I don’t have to deal with them later.

Note: MultiThreaded Encoding is on by default, so leave it be unless you have a good reason to disable it.

AVStoDVD Output Label

Step 13)

Okay, these next few steps are optional. We will be creating a menu for the project. If you don’t care about a menu then go ahead and skip to Step 18.

Still with me? Okay, let’s start up AVStoDVD’s Menu Wizard. To do so, go to Options->DVD Menu->Menu Wizard or just press F6.

AVStoDVD Menu Wizard Open

Step 14)

You will see a window like the one below appear. For the most part, you can leave the defaults, but feel free to tweak anything if you want. For example, I want to change my Menu Template from the default Menu in Black to the cool Blue Rain. I do this by clicking on the Template tab and selecting Blue Rain from the Menu Template drop-down box.

After you have changed whatever you wanted to change (or if you are satisfied with the defaults) press the >>Run Editor<< button.

AVStoDVD Menu Template Select

AVStoDVD will go about generating your initial menu structure, and give you this handy little progress bar for a few seconds.

AVStoDVD Generating Menu

Step 15)

You will be presented with the Menu Editor window. If you change the Mode to Edit, you will be able to change around the menu and edit it to your taste. The most important section of this window is the DVD Menu Items dialog.

Most of the items are pretty self explanatory, but let’s say that I want to edit the Play All Button. To do so, I simply select the Play All Button from the DVD Menu Items list. Then, I drag and drop the button to a new position that I find fitting, the center in this case. Next we will change the thumbnail and title label.

The program author (Mr. C) suggests turning on HL Links to get a better understanding of the DVD menu navigation. To do this simply press the HL Links button near the center of the window, next to the Lock button.

AVStoDVD Menu Items

Step 16)

Okay, let’s say that we want to change the thumbnail displayed on our menu. Click the Edit button like I have shown.

AVStoDVD Menu Thumbnail Selection

You will be presented with a window like the one below. Simply move the slider and press the play button until you find a frame that you like (note: this can be slow, depending on your computer). When you have found a frame that you like press the little | button, as I have shown. This will mark the frame as your desired thumbnail. Exit out of the window to return to the menu editor.

AVStoDVD Menu Thumbail Select

Step 17)

Now, last but not least, let’s get rid of that nasty little number under the Thumbnail. Select Title Label from the DVD Menu Items list and edit the number under the Label dialog, as I have shown.

If you have edited your menu to your desire, simply go up to the Menu menu, and select Exit. AVStoDVD will ask you to confirm, simply press OK, and you should return to the main window.

AVStoDVD Menu Title Label

Step 18)

If you have setup your project like you want (it never hurts to double check, right?), then save the project! This will save you loads of time later if an error occurs in the encoding process.  To do so, simply press that Save button in the top left corner of the window and give it a name for your project file to be saved as (ex. “The Dark Knight”).

Now, let’s get encoding! To do so, simply click the Start button as I have highlighted below.

AVStoDVD Start Encoding Button

Step 19)

You will be greeted with one last confirmation dialog (it’s the last one, I promise!). Again, double check your settings are setup like you want, and then press OK.

AVStoDVD Begin Encoding Confirmation Window

Conclusion)

Upon completion, you should see a familiar DVD folder in your output directory (you know, the one with the VIDEO_TS folder and all that).  Or, if you told AVStoDVD to automatically burn it for you, then enjoy your swanky new disk.

If you want instructions on how to burn the disk your self using IMGBurn, see here. Enjoy your new DVD!


  • w.n

    thanks for the guide.

  • Viviana

    Thank you very much for the guide, but I have two questions, if the blu ray subtitles brings dividends, for not copy to dvd and the second when listening to DVD in surround sound out very ugly noise. Podes help me?

  • Black Angel

    Someone know if the quality of converted Blu-ray movie to DVD movie is least better (a little least better) that the original DVD ?.

    Because I guest that maybe the original DVD is better because the Producer it have calibrate for DVD.

  • http://adubvideo.net Adub

    In fact, I don’t think I have seen a Blu-ray to DVD conversion that HASN’T looked better than the “original” DVD. The reason is that a lot of DVD’s were first encoded from a SD source, or followed poor productions procedures.

    Using the Blu-ray as a source allows for a high quality source at an extremely high bitrate, where detail that may have not been originally preserved is now present and ready for encoding to SD.

  • Zona Blazzon

    Thank you so much for the guide, they were beautifuly written DVD / Blu-Ray. I do have one question. I enabled background audio, but there was no audio in the final DVD movie (AVS2DVD) program. How do make this work. Thank you for your time.

  • http://adubvideo.net Adub

    A couple of questions:

    1) What do you mean by background audio? Do you mean Directors Commentary?
    2) When you say there is no audio in the output, do you mean there is absolutely no audio, or there is audio but not your desired “background” track.

  • Zona Blazzon

    On your guide step 14, there is an image under it where “Enable backgroung audio” is. I checked it to enable, thinking when the thumbnail video is playing on the menu there will be a background audio as I have seen/hear on many DVDs. I checked enabled, but there was no background audio.
    Bye the way, thank you very much for your quick response.

  • http://adubvideo.net Adub

    Hmm, now that is odd.

    I personally have never used the background audio, but I can run a test when I get home and report my findings.

  • griezzel

    probably must load an audio file of your choice for background?

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  • Ryan

    If I disable the Play All button (sorry, it’s ugly) will it autoplay?

  • Ryan

    Also, I just converted an MPEG4 with AVStoDVD and the video quality is outstanding, however it sped up the audio so now it sounds like Alvin and the Chipmunks and doesn’t go with the movie at all. Any suggestions?

  • http://adubvideo.net Adub

    Disabling the Play All Button should do just and only that.

    As for your sped up audio, I believe it’s because you haven’t followed step 4 throughly. I assume that you live in an NTSC country (USA?). If so, make sure that your settings are for NTSC and not PAL, as PAL content uses a sped up framerate.

    Hope that helps!

  • Ryan

    Definitely in NTSC. Besides the fact I’ve checked, I’m not sure it’d even play if it were in PAL.

  • Ryan

    And I’ve watched the file on my computer and the audio was fine.

    Weird.

  • http://adubvideo.net Adub

    Oh, really? Okay, so it’s sounding like a might be a compatibility issue with your DVD player. How old is your DVD player? Anything within the past 5 years should be able to play it (provided it’s not some weird off brand).

  • leo

    I cannot make any convertion I got anyway the same error message
    ERROR DURING OPERATIONS (‘Generate AviSynth script file’ Section): 0 –

    please can someone tell me how to find out a solution to this!?

    thank you

  • http://adubvideo.net Adub

    Leo, you are sure that you have all of the required programs installed, correct?

    You will want to make sure that you have Avisynth, FFDShow, and Haali’s Media Splitter installed for AVStoDVD to work properly. Links can be found here: http://adubvideo.net/recommended-tools

    Also, if you are in fact converting Blu-rays to DVD, I’d recommend using MultiAVCHD, as it’s a little more specialized for this task. I wrote a guide and screencast here: http://adubvideo.net/how-to/converting-bluray-sd-dvd-multiavchd

  • leo

    yes I do because I work with bdrebuilder without any problem

  • AA

    Hi,
    My question is Avatar
    Blu-Ray Disc Length is 2h 41m
    &
    PAL DVD length is is 2h 35m

    Is it possible to convert Blu-Ray Disc Length is 2h 41m
    to
    PAL DVD length is is 2h 35m

    & After this is vedio quality of blue ray still remain or not.
    Thanks.

  • http://adubvideo.net Adub

    Yes, it possible to convert it to a 2 hr 35 min PAL DVD. Chop off the last 6 minutes.

    Seeing as that would be ridiculous I don’t understand why that is your goal. In addition if you can think of a way to compress time, let me know.

    The reason why the PAL DVD is only 35min is because it’s MISSING FOOTAGE. There is more content in the Blu-ray.

    To answer your second question, no, converting a Blu-ray to DVD will not retain the original video quality. Converting the Blu-ray to an AVCHD (which can fit onto a DVD) may come relatively closer, but either way you will suffer from compression artifacts.

  • BC

    Hi,
    My Question is
    What’s the difference between

    HDTV.1080p.DTS.x264
    Or
    BlueRay 1080p DTS x264.

    I want to know that because I Am Still downloading Titanic HDTV.1080p.DTS.x264
    (80 %) 20% left But My friend Say that Titanic BlueRay 1080p DTS x264. Better Than Titanic HDTV.1080p.DTS.x264
    .Is it True Or not.

    Thanks In Advance

  • http://adubvideo.net Adub

    The proof is in the pudding. Or rather the title. “HDTV” means it was taken from an over the air television stream, ala “HD TV”. “Blu-ray” means Blu-ray. I guess that last part is obvious.

  • x-men

    Hi,
    I have blue ray movie 1080 p ,But in english .
    But I want to see it in espanol.So By using mkvtool nix software
    I combined the blueray vedio with espanol audio track.But The problem is In Final result the audio are 2-3 second before than vedio.

    Espanol audio track length are 3:06:46 which is extracted by me from 720p (Titanic x264 (length are 3:06:49 ) movie. But I Want to see it in blue ray 1080 p
    & Blue Ray titanic 1080p length are
    3: 06: 49.

    I can’t understand why after extracting audio from movie (3:06:49)
    are 3:06:46.

    Please help me
    How to fix this & Is there any software or tips that extract exact audio track(example :-From 2:34:12 vedio extract 2:34:12 audio track ) from mkv vedio

  • http://adubvideo.net Adub

    @x-men,
    This is a weird anomaly that I have experienced several times. I think it has to do with the use of timestamps in the combined media stream to ensure that sync is observed.

    But, what you CAN try doing is setting your own delay in MKVToolnix when you mux it. The delay is in miliseconds, so you will need to punch in something like 2000 for 2 seconds and 3000 for 3 seconds.

    Media Player Classic can help you determine this audio, as it lets you adjust the audio sync on the fly. You will have to look up the keyboard combination to do it (it’s under the Options menu), but that should let you sync it up as you see fit. The new delay is displayed on the bottom of MPC as you adjust it. I think that it may be the + and – keys on your keyboard but that may also be for subtitle adjustment, so double check.

  • http://adubvideo.net Adub

    @X-men
    I’d rather not deal with illegal materials on my blog. Sorry.

  • http://adubvideo.net Adub

    X-men, it is illegal because you are referring to the distribution of copyrighted content without the consent of the original authors. It’s stealing.

    The difference between the two is really quite apparent. I suggest you read the encoding specs for each more carefully and / or become more familiar with the intricacies of video bitrate and audio formats.

  • Rookie888

    hi Adub . i didnt find what i actually looking for in your guide about Avstodvd .
    After few days of trying it the only issue i have with this excellent software so far is the black border at the top and bottom of the movie . I would like to know how to convert from a fullscreen video to Fullscreen DVD format without the black border on top and bottom of the movie like what convertx2dvd can do (stretch encode method)
    thanx first and good day to you :)

  • http://adubvideo.net Adub

    I’m a little confused Rooki888. Are you loading a video file that originally has black bars, or is it entirely “full screen” as you state?

    If it has black bars, you will have to crop them off. If it is originally “full screen” chances are that AVStoDVD is adding them in order to keep the aspect ratio of your video. If you “stretch” a video, the aspect ratio gets skewed. What this means is that round objects like clocks turn into ovals, and people take on a more “squished” appearance.

    If you still want to do this, just make sure that you have removed any black bars in the original source via a crop, and add a line to the AVS script like this:
    “Lanczos4Resize(720,480)”.

  • Rookie888

    Hi Adub thanx for reply so quickly and thanx for the suggestion you give but i finally found out a way to do that and actually its quite easy .
    The source video is a real fullscreen without any black bar (I never really like the movie with those black bar , why do that to waste the screen !?) There is a “AviSynth” settings (Auto AviSynth Script) which is auto by default if you click the “View/Edit Title Settings” , by changing the “Vertical Resize” value the black bar will become bigger or smaller or disappear . May be Changing the “Crop” setting will do the same trick too but i didn’t try it yet :)
    So this problem is solved but here is another question if you dont mind . I need to know how to set so this software will make a result movie in 2xDVD5 (Disc 1 Disc 2) instead of 1xDVD9 . The Source is a 8GB movie in MKV format . Normally i will just convert it to fit into one DVD5 but for whatever reason this movie quality drop too much if i do so .
    I will keep on to do some testing since i just use this software few days ago but hope Adub can come out some idea as well for how to do that :)
    Thanx first and good day :)

  • Rookie888

    i think i should leave a paragraph like you next time for easier reading :) i hope Adub enjoy my english as well :)

  • Peter Richardson

    I’m using versie 2.4.0. of AVStoDVD but it doesn’t correspondent with your tutorial on this site
    Some menu items are different , please where can I download the older version that is using in your manual.
    After I tried and understand the working of your settings than I may use the newest version.
    I mean to see in the begining of your site that the tutorial belongs to versie 2.2.6
    Please answer me as soon as possible

    thanks and greatings from Germany near Holland ( Emmerich ( at the river the Rhein )

  • skip

    im wondering if i need a blu ray ROM or can i use a dvd

  • http://adubvideo.net Adub

    You need a bluray rom in order to rip the original bluray. However, if you are just burning the DVD, all that is necessary is a DVD burner drive.

  • http://adubvideo.net Adub

    You can download all versions of AVStoDVD on it’s sourceforge page located here: http://sourceforge.net/projects/avstodvd/files/avstodvd/

    Thanks for the notification about the changed settings in the new version. I’ll add this to my todo list.

  • shreeit

    Adub:

    Lately I noticed with new DTS 5.1 AVStoDVD does not give audio in final DVD. How do you overcome that problem?

    Thanks

  • http://adubvideo.net Adub

    What do you mean by “new DTS 5.1″? You should be able to allow DTS passthrough if you would like to keep the original audio.

    If you are not receiving audio on the output, ensure that you are able to play the original audio. AVStoDVD uses Avisynth and Directshow to handle a lot of it’s audio and video processing. If the original audio file cannot be decoded correctly, that would attribute to your lack of working audio.

  • shreeit

    I can play mkv file with audio, but after conversion DVD files do not have audio.

  • PartTimePimp

    shreeit. I have come across the same problem, converting the Star Wars Blu Rays, that I have in mkv format. Once I convert those to DVD, sound is gone. :/

  • Tom Appleford

    I am trying to make a DVD with only the 5.1 surround audio tracks from an audio/video rock music Bluray disc (Steven Wilson – Grace For Drowning). I have isolated the relavent m2ts 5.1 music tracks after ripping to the hard disk with AnyDVD HD (v6.8.9.0). These files have no video with them. ASVtoDVD recognises that but adds them anyway. I have set up the program as you have shown in you excellent tutorial (although I am using the latest version 2.4.2) On pressing the start button I get an error message: “Runtime error, 35600 ; index out of bounds” and then the program closes down. I have tried so many programs to complete this task and this is the closest I have got. Any suggestions would be warmly received. Thanks

  • http://adubvideo.net Adub

    Contact the AVStoDVD author directly, as he will be able to help you further.

    http://forum.doom9.org/showthread.php?t=126647

  • SHABS

    hi. tried to convert a blue ray movie to dvd. all was fine but abruptly stopped burning midway with an error like “cannot burn sectors”. so disappointing!! tried a no, of times same result – what can be the problem?? pls help

  • darkwstuff

    @ SHABS
    Try buring with imgburn at around half of the rated burn speed. I would probably also try burning with a different brand of media to rule out bad discs.

  • SHABS

    @darkwstuff

    thanks!! will try

  • hawk52

    I downloaded Men In Black 3 original size 1920×1080 I uncropped using uncropMKV. When I use AVStoDVD the resolution goes down to 720×480. Is this normal and Is there a way to keep the orginal size??

    Thanks

  • http://adubvideo.net Adub

    If you keep the original size (1920×1080), your DVD will not be playable in a settop DVD player. The DVD standard of MPEG2 video is always at a standard definition of 720×480 for NTSC regions. That is why AVStoDVD scales the size, as it wants to produce a DVD that will play properly.

  • Dave P

    Just followed the guide. Got a nice DVD with no sound. There was no sound on the original, either, but I figured it was because this was a DTS track. What did I do wrong?

  • Dana R

    Question about creating a DVD menu. Is there a way I can replace the background images with one of my own? If yes, what is the size of the image I need to use? Thank you so much for this guide.

  • http://adubvideo.net Adub

    Yup, it’s quite easy to replace the background. If you look at the window for Step 17, you’ll see a section labeled “Background” on the left. Clicking on that should give you the functionality to replace the background image. For a standard NTSC DVD, you should be safe with an image of 720×480 resolution.

  • Dana R

    Good, that is important to me. Another question, what is the best setting to get the best picture quality out of a DL DVD(DVD 9)? I want to get the best picture quality I can out of the videoss

  • Dana R

    Just one more question. For some strange reason I can’t get the program to change the font or size on subtitles. I know where to change them, but when I do, nothing is effected. What could be wrong?

  • http://adubvideo.net Adub

    It’s been a while since I last looked at AVStoDVD’s font settings, but it’s possible that due to the fact that the original subtitles are actually images (“IDX/SUB”), and AVStoDVD’s font settings only correspond to text subtitle files, such as “SRT”.

    This is pure conjecture at this point, and you can follow up with the program author here: http://forum.doom9.org/showthread.php?t=126647